What is crying? Psychology and physiology of tears

When a person cries, he does not ask himself a question"why?", but simply feels a strong feeling, causing tears to flow and a voice change. Any living person in his life ever cried. For the child this is the only way to report that it is bad for him.

Reflex crying. Psychology of crying

The human being has intelligence, knows how todistinguish between objects and phenomena, give estimates and predict. Countless reasons and consequences we can comment on, but what is crying and what happens to our brain at this time, it is difficult to say objectively to scientists.

We know that crying is:

1) Reflex response, when something is in the eye. Such phenomenon is also more important for animals.

2) Emotional reaction. Tears can be caused by emotions: sadness, pain or grief due to the loss of a loved one. After crying, it becomes easier to bear internal mental or physical pain.

3) Also very sentimental people are crying.

It can not be said what is actually happening andHow these tears help to feel relief. Feeling grief after some shock, a person requires participation. At this time he is very vulnerable. If there is no one to support him, he directs his eyes to the sky, and the answers to exciting questions are looking for space in infinity.

What is crying?

Some people just do not like to see their tears, and prefer to hide them, forbidding themselves to cry. Is it not harmful?

Where does the crying come from?

So, it turns out, crying is inherent only to people, sohow their emotions are more developed. But still it remains unclear, what is this - crying? Trying to understand this, researchers distinguish three functions that a "tearful apparatus" can perform in our life.

Cry. Psychology of crying

1) Disinfecting function. The disinfecting action of lysozyme, a substance contained in a lacrimal fluid, has already been proven. When a person allows himself to cry, his tears kill about 90% of the bacteria that are touched. Tears also constantly moisturize the eyes and prevent them from drying out.

2) Emotional convergence. Bitter crying in a person causes sympathy for others. Emotionally warm people try to help, hug the crying.

3) Stress relief. Having cried, the person feels, that from it "the weight" slept ". During crying cortisol is released, it is also known as a stress hormone. When we cry, the body is in a state of full combat readiness, when calming all the muscles relax. This pleasant relaxation is felt as a relief in the physical plane.

Crying begins when the hormonal systemit acts on the lacrimal glands. Cortisol also causes vocal cords to contract. Therefore, a person feels "a ball rolling up to the throat". Often people who are prone to melancholy, resentment are crying. The suppressed emotional state, as well as stress, is a provoking factor that changes the hormonal background. A hormone of tears - prolactin is produced, and we begin to cry.

Who cries more often?

Naturally, women cry more. They freely express emotions. Prolactin is predominantly a female hormone. Masculine, hard men who have few such hormones, for the most part do not understand what crying is and why it is needed. They are pragmatic and make decisions, removing emotions from themselves. But then they need a sensitive, "tearful" woman.

Crying in humans

But there are also sensitive men who do not hesitate to express their emotions. Therefore, the fact that men do not know how to cry is just a myth.

Inability to cry is a diagnosis?

In the world of psychology, projecting other people's emotions onitself is called empathy. Such people easily get upset, seeing the pain of a stranger or sympathizing with the hero of an imaginary story. Studying this phenomenon helps to better understand what crying is.

But there are people in the world who do not know how tocry. This is the opposite pole of empathy - closed, tactless and compassionate people. It is necessary to be able to cry, that is it is necessary to allow sometimes negative emotions and stress to go outside.

If a person absolutely does not know how to feel eitherjoy, anger, grief, and tears do not break out for years - it's a very bad sign. Such emotional "numbness" psychiatrists rank as initial signs of sluggish schizophrenia. Sometimes the inability to cry is due to the poor work of the lacrimal glands. This condition is called a dry eye disease.

Plach.Hak it happens

Crying as a way to relieve the emotional state

When a little child cries, and his adults crythis moment is encouraged, comforted, it will grow emotionally stable and calm. And, on the contrary, many people who in their childhood were forbidden to pour out their grief, subsequently grow up lonely, unable to sympathize or very anxious.

It is known that tears also have psychotropicenzymes that help relieve anxiety, reduce pain. With tears come out and toxic substances, as well as with urine and sweat. That's why crying is important. As it happens, you still have to find out and explore deeper. Who does not allow himself to cry at times silently, he must wear all the "dirty" enzymes in himself and get sick more often.

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