On hearing to each person there was such word, as sentimentalism. What is the meaning of the term in literature and psychology. Many people have an idea of it, but very often they can not explain it.
Sentimentalism from English translates assensuality or touching. A word formed from an adjective, which means excessive tenderness in the manifestation of sympathy. A sentimental person is characterized by a strong sensitivity, it is easy to be moved.
But beyond this definition, there are others. Let's start with the direction in the literature.
If the general meaning of this concept is known to many, then what is sentimentalism in literature? Before determining its role, it is worthwhile to find out when it appeared and what is characteristic of it.
First, sentimentality as one of the most importantdirections in literature appeared at the end of the eighteenth century, when people of the third estate began to exalt their political activity and social role. They were not equal with the aristocratic society and the clergy, and therefore expressed their position in relation to democracy.
Sentimentalism showed a new look athuman nature, where feeling is more valued than thinking. Personal instincts are pity, tenderness and goodwill. They prevail over social responsibilities.
In the literature, sincerity, sympathy forpoor. Sentimental writers criticized cruel treatment and social injustice. Unlike classicism, which was at the mercy of reason, this genre was subject to emotions, it gave people creativity the freedom to choose feelings and express their ideas.
In sentimentalism there is a democratic thought,implying the equality of all peoples. People keep diaries, experience, show tenderness towards each other. And in the works they describe their feelings, the sensations that they experience during some way.
The hero in a sentimental novel is a commoner. An ordinary person who is not rich in wealth or other merit.
Sentimentalism played a role in literature. It was shown the importance of equality of estates on the part of their spiritual world and the need for democracy, which was quite important at that time for Russia.
There are basic signs of direction, they will be indicated below. We understood the concept of "sentimentalism". What this concept means, has become more clear. Now let's move on to the main features:
- the cult of feeling;
- the importance of the common man;
- Priority of personal life;
- subjectivity, author's position is ambiguous;
- leading genres: novel, diaries, letters, story;
- the inner world of a person, feelings, emotions, experiences;
- protest against aristocratic society.
Sentimentality is a property of the psyche. Characterized by dreaminess, emotionality and sensuality. Sentimental people are oriented towards the manifestation of touching, rapturous feelings, when other people do not react to exactly the same situation. The same features are given to the heroes of works in the style of "sentimentalism". What is a concept means in psychology, now also known. Such people are characterized by tearfulness without any reason.
Now answer the questions: "Sentimentalism: what is it, do we need it now and was this genre really important in the 18th century? Positive or negative should be considered a quality sentimentality? ".
"Nothing deserves such attention as the human heart." Fonvizin's words answer a set of questions in one sentence, and reveals the meaning and the main idea of sentimentalism itself.