Everyone knows the benefits of swimming for healthrights. Occupation by this kind of sport increases efficiency, develops flexibility and strength, increases endurance. They are fond of millions of lovers of a healthy lifestyle around the world. If it is required to fix professional achievements, apply an evaluation system, the main qualifying unit of which is yavl
People have always sought to find out which of them"faster, higher, stronger". For this, competitions were organized in a variety of disciplines. Achievements of the athletes were recorded. On their basis, certain standards were formed, which served as benchmarks in the systems of assessing human capabilities. The first swimmers in open water passed before our era. The rules for their conduct were in close relationship with the cultural characteristics of a particular people. The methods of measuring results were also subject to the same dependence. The origin of general international norms in this sphere occurred at the end of the XIX century. In 1890 the first European Championship took place. Later, Pierre de Coubertin, swimming was included in the program of the Olympic Games. This event caused an extraordinary increase in interest in such competitions, which led to the appearance in 1908 of the International Swimming Federation (FINA). The new body began to develop general rules and concepts, including such as
Assignment is based onthe results shown by the athlete. Adults and junior classes on swimming are of three degrees and are ranked from 3rd to 1st. The results can be fixed in tournament competitions of any level. To fix the performance of the standard for the title of the CCM, the rank of the competition must be no lower than the urban one. Assignment of titles "Master of Sports" and "Master of Sports of International Class" has a restriction on age. For boys, it is 17 years, and for girls - 16. At the same time, competitions must be officially held and held under the auspices of the FINA. The results are evaluated separately for women and men. The swimming order is assigned in the following types:
Separate standards are established for variousdistances: stayer, middle and sprint. Special rules regulate the evaluation of athletes during swimmings in open water. In this case, the presence of a current in the reservoir is necessarily taken into account. Norms are accepted by the FINA with subsequent approval in the national federations. This procedure takes place every three years. In 2011, the current table of categories for swimming was adopted. 2013 became for FINA a time for discussion of the possibility of annual revision of the standards. One must assume that such an innovation will give international rules greater flexibility. Discharge rate in this case will be assigned in maximum compliance with the requirements of the time.