Enterprises all over the world are subject to classification,referring to light, heavy, food or other industries. They provide services, being a link in the social sphere or service sector. Moreover, many of the activities imply the existence of a license. But there are enterprises engaged in the development of deposits, directly by mining, transportation, processing or storage of hazardous substances. They must and must have such a document as an industrial safety declaration.
The fact that organizations have this act is due toArticle 14 of the Federal Law "On Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities", adopted on June 20, 1997. Similar acts exist practically in every country of the world. However, the declaration of hazardous activities in Russia has been carried out since 1995.
The Declaration of Industrial Safety takes into account the following points:
1. to provide for and take into account all types of risks from the activities of the organization;
2. Prevent and minimize threats from accidents;
3. to ensure 100% readiness of the equipment for further operation in full compliance with all industrial safety requirements;
4. To draw up measures for localization and liquidation of the accident that occurred at the factory;
5. To take into account and take measures to avoid disasters of large scale and minimize the amount of damage if an accident does occur.
Development of industrial safety declarationis carried out directly with the development of documents for the construction, reconstruction, technical re-equipment, expansion, modernization and overhaul of an industrial-hazardous facility. In addition, even with the liquidation and conservation of the company, this document is necessary.
If the organization is preparing to expand,modernization (technical re-equipment), suspension of its activities or closure, the declaration undergoes a procedure called "examination of the declaration of industrial safety." Project documentation related to these processes passes through state analysis in accordance with established requirements, indicated by the legislation of a specific country (in this case the Russian Federation).
After the experts have considered thea plan, an industrial safety declaration with marks and a conclusion falls into Rostechnadzor. It is this organization, or rather its central apparatus, that is the body that exercises direct control, as well as overseeing compliance with all stages of the activities of hazardous industries. After that the document is given to local authorities, citizens, organizations in the order established by the government of the country.
The Declaration of Industrial Safety is available ineach country. The need for it is associated with a huge number of accidents at enterprises using hazardous substances. This is what prompted the European Economic Union, and then other countries, to adopt the Directive, containing measures to prevent accidents at production facilities and to minimize the consequences after them.