A state with a democratica form of government in which the rule of law prevails, the people's equality before an independent court and law. It guarantees and recognizes the freedoms of a citizen, and the basis of state power is the basic principle of separation into legislative, judicial and executive. It is limited only by the rules of law. In the absence of democracy, a legal state can not exist. Freedom of economic activity, developed civil society are among the main features of such a state.
Civil society is a free legal,developing in the conditions of a democratic regime, a society focused on a specific person. It fosters respect for laws and traditions, humanistic ideals, ensures freedom of entrepreneurial and creative activity, enables people to achieve prosperity and realize their rights as individuals and citizens.
In civil society, which gives us legalstate, there are many independent institutions, unions, organizations that operate within the law and serve as a barrier to the monopolization of power. This society develops with the state.
The main functions of the rule of law:
Ideas of the rule of law are expressed inthe basic laws of many modern states. His ideas are aimed at limiting power by law; the establishment of the rule of law, and not of man; ensuring the safety of citizens.
The rule of law in Russia. Its main features:
In the phrase "rule of law" on the firstplace, first of all, is "right" and only on the second - "state". Its supremacy is a fundamental characteristic that predetermines all other attributes. The inviolability of the law is enshrined in the Constitution. Strong power in this state is characterized by the fact that it is combined with the rule of law, and the society in which law and order is developed is a priori disciplined.