Paris is not only the French capital, but alsothe embodiment of romance among couples. Paris - is one of the oldest cities in Europe, the mention of which is dated 212 BC. e. But it was during the reign of King Philippe Krivoy (Philip II Augustus) from the Capetian dynasty that Paris turned into a flourishing city with fortifications and the world famous fortress - the Louvre.
In the 11th century, Paris became a secular, political,cultural, scientific and educational center of Europe. This city is located on the river Seine and it was here that fashion trends developed that set and set a fashionable tone for all countries of Europe and even the world.
Paris has its own flag, which arosethanks to the French Revolution (June 1789 - November 1799 gg.). Camille Desmoulins called for general mobilization, having previously attached a green leaf to his hat, which he raised from the ground in the gardens of the Royal Palace. But the green color was soon replaced by blue and red. Dislike for green color is explained by the extremely unpopular in France by Charles X (graph Artois), whose generic color was green. After the Bastille was taken, the blue and red cockades became the color gamut of the municipal guard.
What does the flag of Paris look like? As mentioned above, it has the ideal shape of a square, made in a blue-red color scheme. The blue half of the canvas is completely red. The blue color symbolizes truth and loyalty, and red is courage and strength. The flag of Paris did not change anymore.
There is not only the flag of Paris, but also the coat of arms.In 1358, it was approved by Charles V. It can be seen a ship that is a symbol of the island of Cité on the Seine, located in the center of the city. This is on the one hand, and on the other hand this ship is a symbol of free trade and trade relations. The golden lilies depicted at the top of the coat of arms are the ancient emblem of the Capetian dynasty.
Many may ask: "What does Paris have to do with the sea?" It was through Paris that two trade roads passed from east to west and from north to south. Through the river Seine lay the way to the Atlantic, and the crossing was controlled by a specially created guild of boatmen. The existence of this guild brought the lion's share of income to the treasury of Paris.
As for the first mention of the city's coat of arms,they date from the year 1190. It was at this time that King Philip Augustus was designing the future city. But after the French Revolution, all titles of noblemen, emblems and emblems were abolished (Decree of June 20, 1987). The city municipality, which became operational after the end of the revolution, fulfilled all orders and instructions of the government. Thus, the flag of Paris was also abolished.
The coat of arms of Paris was restored by the emperorNapoleon I (Decree of 29.01.1811). Louis XVIII (Earl of Lille), who came to power after the death of Napoleon I, finally approved the flag and the coat of arms of Paris.
At the moment, the emblem of Paris isheraldic shield - on a red canvas the ship swaying on the waves. Lilies were not just a symbol of the ruling French dynasty Capetings. They became a symbol of the power of the monarchs of France. Now the lily can be seen on all the attributes of the royal authority. The golden crown, made in the image of the city wall, is one of the key elements in heraldic symbols. The coat of arms depicts a wreath of laurel and oak, where the laurel is a symbol of glory, and the oak is a dignity. The Military Cross and the Legion of Honor are attached to the ribbon.
The motto, which is written on the coat of arms, is translated fromLatin language as "Floats, but does not sink" (Fluctuat nec mergitur). This inscription appeared in the 16th century, but was officially approved on November 24, 1836 by Baron Osman and the prefect of the Seine.