Activities of all modern statesis subject to certain frameworks that exist both internationally and locally. But not always there was a similar order. History knows the moments when human life was not regulated by anything and was subject only to the will of chance. Of course, this state of affairs could not promise anything good. With the development of social formations, there was a change in the mechanism of social regulation. In fact, people created new ways of managing themselves. The emergence of states necessitated this kind of regulatory mechanisms. One of them was right.
This set of sanctioned norms of moralityproved to be the best. After all, it most fully regulates relations within the society, as well as its interaction with authorities in the country. At the same time, the basis of legal relations in this or that state was developed. It, depending on the specific legal system, is the constitution. In the Russian Federation, the basic law is also present. This normative act has a higher legal force and other characteristic features. The constitution regulates the direct regulation of society and the relations arising in it through principles, the characteristics of which will be presented later in the article.
Existing in the Russian Federation and othercountries, the legal order is largely developed due to the basic law - the Constitution. In fact, this document represents a normative legal act of supreme legal force. The main feature of the constitution is the fact that it fixes or establishes the main goals of the activity and the creation of the state as a subject of legal relations. Historically, the basic law was already known in ancient Rome. One of the first constitutions was created by such a figure as Servius Thulium. It fixed the basic norms that regulated some social problems. During the New Era, many states adopt constitutions to normalize the political situation and consolidate human rights. An example of this are the basic legislative acts of the Commonwealth, the United States of America, France, etc.
Constitutional principles largely depend on the form of expression of the norms of the highest state act. To date, there are two main forms, namely:
The first type of constitutions is characterized by the fact thatthe basic law is fixed in a single normative document or in several laws. In the Russian Federation, the main normative act exists precisely in this form. Unwritten constitutions are a set of norms that are scattered across different sectoral laws. At the same time, normative acts can be either general orientation or special. In many states there is the concept of "constitutional law". This NAP is issued on the most important issues and contains the basic principles and norms.
Speaking specifically about the Constitution of the Russian FederationFederation, it is a written act of supreme legal force. It was adopted in 1993. The law establishes the foundations of the political and legal system of the Russian Federation, as well as the procedure for the emergence of the main bodies of state power. The structure of the Constitution includes the following structural elements, namely: the preamble, the first section (9 chapters), the second section. Its main law extends to the territory of the entire state. Great importance in this case plays out constitutional principles, which, in fact, are the basis of the entire legal system of the state.
In the legal science, the principles arethe basic ideas on which a specific legal phenomenon is built. The Constitution in this case is the "foundation" of the legal system of the state, as already indicated earlier. Therefore, its fundamentals, in fact, also apply to other legal industries. Thus, constitutional principles are key provisions of the basic law that characterize it as such. For the most part, constitutional ideas reflect the fact of interaction between a person and the state.
The 1993 Constitution consists of a largethe number of different initial ideas. All of them to some extent fix a certain range of human rights and freedoms in certain areas of activity. However, there are constitutional principles that regulate the activities of, for example, specific branches of government. Given these features, it is possible to identify certain groups of basic provisions of the basic law, for example:
All groups are systematized. They combine the essence and forms of legal relations of one kind or another. Moreover, absolutely all groups are important for society and the state, because they are based on modern political trends.
Of course, the backbone of any country is itspeople. Without this element, the state, in fact, does not exist. Therefore, the legal status of a person and a citizen is fixed in the key act of the Russian Federation. It should be noted that each individual has a spectrum of inalienable freedoms that are given to him from birth. In addition, some rights are included in the "package" of civil communication between a person and the country of which he is directly a citizen. In the Russian Federation, the legal status of a person and a citizen is a system that consists of the following principles:
Thus, the rights and freedoms of citizens not onlyare taken into account in the basic law, but also are guaranteed. It is thanks to the constitutional principles of this orientation that people in the Russian Federation can enter into legal relations and create new ones.
Of great importance to date is thestate organization of the country. The fundamental principles of the constitution in this case provide the internal system of the Russian Federation, which we all are accustomed to seeing. At the same time, the foundations of the state's construction relate not only to citizens and social groups, but directly to the country. In this case, the last element is represented in the form of a mechanism that functions due to many interrelated factors. Thus, there are the following principles of state organization:
The principles presented are 14 chaptersthe current Constitution of the Russian Federation. They play one of the key roles in the process of building the state, because, based on these fundamental norms, there are many constitutional institutions, namely: presidency, parliamentarism, legality, etc.
In any state there is justice andbodies that perform it. This branch of human life is based on one of the key branches of power. Hence it follows that justice should be exercised on the basis of a clear legislative regulation. Because this activity directly concerns the rights and destinies of many people. The fact that justice is a branch of power, determines its constitutional and legal regulation. That is, the phenomenon is regulated by the norms of the fundamental law.
Justice in Russia is implemented through separate principles, enshrined in the basic law.
Of course, the list does not reflectabsolutely all the principles of justice in Russia. However, these initial assumptions are the most classical, since they reflect justice, which should exist in a modern democratic state.
So, we tried in the article to consider the mainthe constitutional principles of the Russian Federation, which affect different spheres of state activity. In conclusion, it should be noted that the fundamental sources of the functioning of our country as well as possible characterize its desire for equality and the attainment of democracy. However, over the mechanisms for implementing these principles, it is still necessary to work today.