Success in business largely depends on hiscorrect organization. Both managers and ordinary workers should know what office work is. What are its features, what kinds are there, and what regulatory documents should be taken into account when organizing the workflow?
Any organization, regardless of formproperty and features, creates in the process of its activities a variety of papers. These can be orders and letters, and protocols. All of them relate to organizational and administrative documentation.
Office work is the creation ofdocuments of the organization, performed according to certain rules and requirements. More often at the enterprises allocate the special employees occupied only in this sphere. In small firms, the function of a secretary can be assigned to almost any employee.
If you understand the essence of terminology (what isoffice work), then the origin of the word will become clear. This, above all, fixing official information on a material medium. During this process, an organizational and administrative document is created, which subsequently initiates certain actions.
The term "records management" appeared quite a long time ago, but only in the middle of the last century it was formalized, being fixed in normative documents at the state level.
The organization can not exist independently oflegislation. In it there is always office work and document circulation. What is it, what are the specifics of the transfer of securities, how to properly register them? These issues are solved by specialists: secretaries, archivists, personnel department employees.
Office work involves recording informationon a material carrier, the creation of a paper or electronic act. On its basis, the organization's document circulation is built-the movement of an order or letters, beginning with its creation and ending with execution and sending to the archive or destruction.
Depending on where the business is createdwith respect to employees and management of the organization, the document flow is divided into external and internal. From the source will depend on the further path of the order, orders, letters.
The internal workflow of the organization assumes the following stages:
The stages of external document circulation are generally similar, but there are some differences:
In addition, in relation to the leadership of the organization, the following types of workflow are distinguished:
All stages of document movement are fixed in special magazines. They can be conducted in several variants:
Many are wondering what is judicialoffice work, and what is its difference from the general. The court case is a slightly different package of documents and material evidence. Proper storage and movement ensures transparency of the law enforcement system. Judicial records management, unlike organizational records, can not be voluntary. It is conducted by authorized persons and is strictly controlled. For him, all stages, including destruction, are normatively and strictly defined.
Most employees of the enterprise very vaguely imagine what office work and document circulation are. For a secretary, this is professional activity.
The enterprise secretariat performs the main function of document management support. According to the form and peculiarities of work, the organization of the office-work service of an enterprise is divided into the following types:
The peculiarities of the document circulation at the enterprise will directly depend on the form of the secretariat adopted.
Regardless of the size and form of ownership, inany organization should have a regulatory act regulating the movement of documents. What is a recordkeeping manual, and how to compile it? This issue worries not only secretaries, but also leaders.
Instruction for office work is internalthe normative act of the organization, approved by an order or instruction of the management, of indefinite action. It describes all stages of the passage of the document, lists of posts whose signatures can certify the authenticity of official papers, provides examples of design, forms and forms.
In small organizations with a low level of document circulation (less than 200 per year), there is no question what is the management of records management. Everything is decided by the employees themselves or even the head.
If the duties of record keeping are notare for the employee direct and are not spelled out in his employment contract, then a decree on imposition of these functions should be issued. This document should detail additional responsibilities, responsibilities and compensation.
If there is at least one employee in the organization,then it will be necessary to create labor documents. The question, what is personnel record keeping, is especially actual for the enterprises with a small amount of employees.
Personnel records management is the provision ofthe movement of specific documents related to the work activity of employees of the enterprise. Usually these duties are performed by the employees of the special unit - the personnel department. Their functions include receiving, processing and storing personnel documentation. Including processing of personal data that are secret.
Personnel workflow is usually conducted separately from the general with the observance of the rules of secrecy and storage features.
Despite the rapid development of digitaltechnologies, many organizations are difficult to optimize the workflow. Continue in the old manner to keep paper correspondence and conduct regular registration logs.
This is due to two factors:
Managers should remember that the optimization of workflow with considerable investments gives a noticeable economic effect.