Fungal infection is a disease caused byvarious pathogenic fungi. It suffers, according to the most conservative estimates, about 10% of the total population of the planet, according to other sources - 20-30%. And only in the last 10 years, the number of infected people has doubled. Fungal infection can affect different parts of the body: skin, hair, nails and internal organs.
As a rule, the disease is not a threatfor human life and does not cause painful sensations, but nevertheless, if you have obvious symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. This must be done for many reasons. First, pathogenic bacteria can penetrate the lesions, which is a direct threat to human health. Secondly, treatment will exclude the possibility of infection of other family members. And thirdly, any, even sluggish, disease must be treated, since it weakens immunity. In addition, people who have fungus are forbidden to visit many places of public use: gyms, swimming pools, sanatoriums, etc. And do not forget that some types of this disease (mainly affecting internal organs) are very dangerous, although there are Rarely enough.
Fungal skin infections can be detected by the following symptoms:
- itching and burning;
- formation of cracks;
- redness, sometimes in the form of circles or rings;
- the appearance of blisters;
- brown or white spots on the skin.
All these symptoms may be a consequence ofthe development of the disease, and can be caused by other causes, so without a visit to the doctor can not do. Fungal infection is a disease directly related to climatic conditions in the region. Residents of southern countries, where humidity is greatly increased, suffer from this disease much more often than inhabitants of northern regions with a moderate temperature regime.
Modern methods of diagnosis of fungal infection:
- PCR diagnostics;
- immune fluorescence reaction;
- serological method;
- bacteriological culture;
- molecular genetic analysis.
The most effective are the last two methods, othersare related to express tests, and their effectiveness depends on the type of fungus. Only by determining the type of pathogen and its reaction to medications can a specific course of treatment be prescribed. Diagnosis of sexual infections caused by the development of pathogenic fungi is carried out in the same ways. In rare cases, ultrasound of the kidneys and computed tomography are additionally prescribed.
If the fungal infection has lesionsonly on the skin, it can be quickly and successfully cured by special drugs of systemic or local therapy. But much more effective will be preventive measures that will reduce the possibility of the disease to a minimum:
- observe personal hygiene;
- do not walk without shoes in public places;
- Try to wear things less from synthetic fabrics;
- do not wear uncomfortable shoes;
- take a shower after visiting the sauna and pool.
And remember: never do self-medication, only a doctor can prescribe tests, determine the type of fungus, prescribe a course of treatment and, most importantly, exclude the risk of re-infection.