Why does my finger swell up? The causes of this pathological condition will be listed below. Also we will tell you about what kind of doctor you need to address in such a phenomenon and what should be done in this case.
If your finger is swollen on your leg, it cantestify to the presence of several diseases. However, do not immediately panic, because this phenomenon does not always indicate a major change in the body. Very often this pathological condition is associated with wearing uncomfortable or tight shoes.
What should I do if my toe is swollen? First of all, you should contact an experienced doctor. As it can act a few experts. First you need to visit a district therapist. After a survey and examination, the doctor will be able to refer you to a more narrow specialist.
If a person has a bad toe on his leg, then he may need a consultation:
The cause of this pathology shouldidentify only an experienced specialist. As medical practice shows, swelling, pain and reddening of the phalanx on the lower limbs can be associated with the following diseases:
It should also be noted that this phenomenon is often caused by injuries and injuries of various types.
To understand how to treat a patient,if his finger is swollen on the leg, it is required to detect the presence of a certain deviation. Let's consider all features of the above diseases in more detail.
Swelling and reddened toenail - such symptoms often indicate the development of arthrosis. This is a pathology caused by degenerative-dystrophic disorders in the cartilaginous tissue.
The cause of the development of such a disease may bedeformation changes in the lower extremities (eg, flatfoot or asymmetry). In overweight patients, this disease occurs in 58% of cases.
Also, the development of arthrosis can be caused by everydayheavy physical activity. If the finger is swollen on the foot of the athlete, then this is not surprising. After all, the phalanges of the lower limbs in such people are very often deformed and swell against the background of regular bruises, injuries and strains.
Thyroid gland diseases and metabolic disorders also become common causes of arthrosis.
Osteoarthritis of the joint of the big toe can manifest itself in different ways. Conditionally the course of this pathology is divided into 3 stages:
Diagnosis of arthrosis should be performed by a surgeon or rheumatologist. Sometimes a visual examination is sufficient to determine this disease.
Treatment of such a disease is complex. To do this, use NSAIDs and follow a diet, and also include in the daily routine of physiotherapy and gymnastics.
If your finger is swollen on your leg, it cantestify to the development of gout. As a rule, such a disease occurs due to disturbed metabolic processes. Most often they are confirmed by men from 45 years old. If gout is not treated on time, then it will completely destroy the phalanx.
With such a disease, the thumb on the legswells and it hurts quite a lot. Such feelings are paroxysmal and can last for 5-22 days. After 3 attacks the phalanx begins to gradually break down.
What to remove the pain with a gout, you can apply cold to the affected area.
Therapy of such a disease is complex. Her course includes magnetotherapy, laser therapy, ultraphonophoresis and electrostatic massage.
To treat a tumor of the big finger with a gout is useless. Therapy should be carried out only in a specialized hospital.
A common cause of tumors and soreness of the largethe toe becomes a panace. This pathological phenomenon can be observed near the nail, on the back side under the epidermis, as well as under the fingernail and next to the okolonogtevym roller.
If you do not take all the appropriate measures in time, the inflammatory process can easily go to the bone, tendon, or joint.
The main symptoms of panarisation can be the following:
The cause of the development of panaritium and, as a consequence, of the swelling of the finger, is an inflammatory process that occurs due to infection in the tissue (for example, through burrs, cracks or microenas).
Most rarely this disease develops against the background of fungal foot disease.
If you swollen your thumb on your leg because ofdevelopment of panaritium, then you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid serious complications that can contribute to the occurrence of deformities of the foot or gangrene.
Treatment of such an inflammatory processprovides a surgical opening of the purulent cavity, as well as drainage, taking anti-inflammatory drugs, treating the thumb with local antiseptics and using drugs that strengthen the immune system.
If you hurt your toe, then very soon hecan blush and swell. In this case, not always such symptoms occur after a strong impact of the lower limb. Sometimes these symptoms arise from inconspicuous daily injuries, which a person may not even suspect.
People engaged in manual labor orprofessional sports, very often experience pain in the area of the big toes. Specialists attribute this to the fact that the load on the lower limbs of athletes is always colossal. In this case, fingers that do not perform the basic support function may simply not cope with it. It is from this that damage occurs in the bones of phalanges, including cracks and fractures. All these pathological phenomena are almost always accompanied by puffiness and localized pain.
So what if I hurt my toe? If, after a lapse of time, the place of injury is swollen or reddened, you should immediately consult a traumatologist. The same concerns a symptom such as pain.
To identify the damage to the phalanx, the doctor mustexamine and interview the patient. However, this is not enough to diagnose a dislocation or fracture. For this purpose, the doctor may prescribe an X-ray. Further actions of the specialist should be aimed at immobilization of the injured area (for example, the imposition of gypsum), as well as the appointment of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, the patient can be recommended intake of calcium and B vitamins, which will contribute to the early recovery of the injured joint.
If during a medical examination allThe above reasons for puffiness of the toe have been rejected, then the doctors prescribe additional methods of research that will allow a more accurate diagnosis.
In addition to arthrosis, gout, panaritium and trauma, the development of such a pathological condition can contribute to the following diseases:
If you suspect this condition, you should immediately contact a qualified doctor.