For many years, disputes about the need for andbenefit / harm vaccination does not abate, but for most people there is no doubt about the advisability of vaccination. Many mothers do not even think about whether to vaccinate a child or sign a refusal, on the appointed day and hour they come to the polyclinic and protect their baby from dangerous diseases.
If the vaccination procedure itself is not for parentsit is necessary to have a complete picture of how, say, a doctor, you should find out about possible side effects of vaccine introduction in sufficient detail. Sometimes they can show up late at night, causing severe anxiety to parents, in a day, two, or even a week later. In order not to panic (and thus not to worry the child), you need to know what kind of reaction can occur for this or that inoculation.
The most common unpleasant consequence of vaccinationthe child has a temperature after vaccination. In this case, the temperature can jump both for the next 20 minutes, and much later. In this regard, moms and their babies are advised not to leave the clinic immediately after the introduction of the vaccine, be under the supervision of a doctor or other health care provider for at least half an hour. At home it is recommended to have antipyretics in the medicine cabinet, but they should be taken only if the child's temperature after vaccination has risen above the level of 38 degrees.
Why is this happening? Vaccination is the introduction into the body of weakened or killed microbes, which are the causative agent of a particular disease. The body begins to fight with an uninvited guest and thus develops immunity to the disease against which the vaccination process was conducted. In other words, if the child's temperature after the vaccination "crawled" upward, it means that the body is fighting and developing immune protection. However, the absence of an elevated temperature after vaccination is not at all indicative of the ineffectiveness of the procedure. All this depends on the specific child and the characteristics of his body.
As a rule, older children are fairly calmtransfer the introduction into the body of the vaccine. Children are harder to cope with inoculations, as vaccination is a serious stress for an immature organism, therefore parents should closely monitor the baby and inform the doctor about all the reactions that arise.
The temperature of the baby after vaccination maystay within the norm (that is, the child normally undergoes the adaptation process), but may also increase. Therefore, during this period, it is important for mothers not to change their own diet so as not to provoke the appearance of an allergic reaction (this is important for those who feed the baby with a breast). If the child's temperature after the vaccination has quickly crossed the 38-degree mark, it is worth notifying the doctor about this, he will recommend an antipyretic agent (self-assigning to their child - an unforgivable mistake!), Which will lower the body temperature and ease the condition of the baby.
In addition to increasing body temperature, weakenedthe body responds to the introduction of the vaccine with a seal at the injection site, which can also become inflamed and suppurated. Therefore, a few days worth of waiting with water procedures and to ensure that the child does not scratch the place of injection. Against the background of a fever, sometimes there is lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea. This, too, need to notify the doctor.
As a rule, if the child had a risetemperature after vaccination, then the same reaction can be expected for subsequent vaccinations. But sometimes an increase in body temperature may not be associated with vaccination procedures (for example, with teething)
In most cases, various responses tothe introduction of a vaccine into a child's body occurs within a day, but this also depends on the type of vaccination. So, with the introduction of live vaccines (from measles, mumps, rubella), the reaction occurs 5-12 days after the injection. Immune protection is developed within two months, so it is important not to allow hypothermia during this period and to saturate the body with vitamins.
Summarizing what has been said, it is worth noting that ifAfter vaccination, the fever has risen, then there is no reason for panic. If it does not exceed 38 degrees, do not take any medications and spoil yourself and the baby. Just give the child more attention and care. If the temperature exceeds the threshold value (38 degrees), then, after consulting a doctor (this can be done even before the vaccination), it is worth giving the baby an antipyretic.